|1997 Rules of Appellate Procedure|
|Rule 1||Rule 2||Rule 3||Rule 4||Rule 5||Rule 6||Rule 7||Rule 8||Rule 9||Rule 10|
|Rule 11||Rule 12||Rule 13||Rule 14||Rule 15||Rule 16||Rule 17||Rule 18||Rule 19||Rule 20|
RULE 16. DISQUALIFICATION OR RECUSAL OF APPELLATE JUDGES
16.1 Grounds for Disqualification. The grounds for disqualification of an appellate court justice or judge are determined by the Constitution and laws of Texas.
16.2 Grounds for Recusal. The grounds for recusal of an appellate court justice or judge are the same as those provided in the Rules of Civil Procedure. In addition, a justice or judge must recuse in a proceeding if it presents a material issue which the justice or judge participated in deciding while serving on another court in which the proceeding was pending.
16.3 Procedure for Recusal.
(a) Motion . A party may file a motion to recuse a justice or judge before whom the case is pending. The motion must be filed promptly after the party has reason to believe that the justice or judge should not participate in deciding the case.
(b) Decision . Before any further proceeding in the case, the challenged justice or judge must either remove himself or herself from all participation in the case or certify the matter to the entire court, which will decide the motion by a majority of the remaining judges sitting en banc. The challenged justice or judge must not sit with the remainder of the court to consider the motion as to him or her.
(c) Appeal . An order of recusal is not reviewable, but the denial of a recusal motion is reviewable.
Notes and Comments
Comment to 1997 change: Former Rules 15 and 15a are merged. Former Rule 15a appears as subdivision 16.2. For grounds for disqualification, reference is made to the Constitution and statutes rather than the Rules of Civil Procedure. The procedure for disqualification is not specified. The nature of prior participation in a proceeding that requires recusal is clarified. Former subdivision (b) of Rule 15, requiring service of the motion, is omitted as unnecessary. The remaining subdivisions of former Rule 15 are contained in subdivision 16.3. Other changes are made.
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Last modified: March 25, 2010